WiKirby has completed the process of switching hosts. Things are running smoothly and the wiki is now ad-free! Thanks for your patience!

Please remember that WiKirby contains spoilers, which you read at your own risk! See our general disclaimer for details.


From WiKirby, your independent source of Kirby knowledge.
Jump to navigationJump to search
  • To display IPA symbols when defining pronunciation, use Template:IPA


IPA Examples
//b// but, web
//d// do, odd
//ð// this, breathe, father
//dʒ// gin, joy, edge
//f// fool, enough, leaf
//ɡ// go, get, beg
//h// ham, ahead
//j// yes
//k// cat, kill, skin, queen, thick
//l// left, bell
//m// man, ham
//n// no, tin
//ŋ// ringer, sing, sink
//ŋɡ// finger
//p// pen, spin, tip
//r// run, very[1]
//s// see, city, pass
//ʃ// she, sure, emotion, leash
//t// two, sting, bet
//tʃ// chair, nature, teach
//v// voice, have
//w// we
//ʍ// what[2]
//z// zoo, rose
//ʒ// pleasure, vision, beige[3]
//θ// thing, teeth
Marginal consonants
//x// ugh, loch, Chanukah[4]
//ʔ// uh-oh (//ˈʌʔoʊ//), Hawaii (//həˈwaɪʔiː//)[5]
//ˈ// intonation
//ˌ //
IPA Examples
//ɪ// bid, pit[7]
//iː// bead, peat[7]
//i// happy, city[7]
//ɛ// bed, pet
//æ// bad, pat
//ɑː// balm, father, pa
//ɒ// bod, pot, cot
//ɔː// bawd, paw, caught
//ʊ// good, foot, put
//uː// booed, food
//ʌ// bud, butt
//eɪ// bay, hey, fate
//аɪ// buy, high, ride, write
//aʊ// bough, how, pout
//ɔɪ// boy, hoy
//oʊ// beau, hoe, poke[8]
//juː// beauty, hue, pew, dew[9]
R-colored vowels[10]
//ɪr// mirror
//ɪər// beer, mere
//ɛr// berry, merry
//ɛər// bear, mare, Mary
//ær// barrow, marry
//ɑr// bar, mar
//ɒr// moral, forage
//ɔr// born, for
//ɔər// boar, four, more
//ʌr// hurry, Murray
//ʊər// boor, moor
//ɜr// bird, myrrh, furry
(alternatively //ɝː// [11])
Reduced vowels
//ɨ// roses, business [12]
//ə// Rosa’s, above
//ər// runner, mercer
(alternatively //ɚ// [11])
//əl// bottle
//ən// button
//əm// rhythm


  1. Although the IPA symbol /[r]/ represents a trill, //r// is widely used instead of //ɹ// in broad transcriptions of English.
  2. //ʍ// is found in some dialects, such as Scottish and Southern American English; elsewhere people use //w//.
  3. A number of English words, such as genre and garage, are cited as being pronounced with either //ʒ// or //dʒ//.
  4. In most dialects, //x// is replaced by //k// in loch and by //h// in Chanukah.
  5. Most people pronounce the English word Hawaii without the //ʔ// (glottal stop) that occurs in the Hawaiian word Hawai‘i.
  6. It is arguable that English does not distinguish primary from secondary stress, but it is conventional to notate them as here. Likewise, it is debatable whether a word like Glennallen is /[glɛˈnælən]/ or /[glɛnˈælən]/; for clarity, the former is used.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 American convention is to write //i// when unstressed and preceding a vowel or word boundary, as in wiki //ˈwɪki// and serious //ˈsɪriəs//; British convention used to be //ˈwɪkɪ// and //ˈsɪərɪəs//, but the OED and other influential dictionaries recently converted to //i//.
  8. Commonly transcribed //əʊ// or //oː//.
  9. In many dialects, //juː// is pronounced the same as //uː// after "tongue sounds" (//t//, //d//, //s//, //z//, //n//, //θ//, and //l//), so that dew //djuː// is pronounced the same as do //duː//.
  10. In many dialects, //r// occurs only before vowels. Note that due to American influence, the schwas have been left out in many Wikipedia articles. That is, //ɪər// etc. are not always distinguished from //ɪr// etc. When they are, the long vowels may be transcribed //iːr// etc. by analogy with vowels not followed by //r//.
  11. 11.0 11.1 In some articles these are transcribed //ɝː// and //ɚ// when not followed by a vowel.
  12. Few British dictionaries distinguish this from //ɪ//, though the OED now uses the pseudo-IPA symbol /ɪ̵/.